欢迎来到北京悦安通科技有限公司官方网站 免费上门现场勘查丨免费量身定制方案

综合型弱电系统一站式解决方案供应商

智能化安防监控设计施工专家

国家认证 安全稳定 终身维保

全国服务热线:

400-810-8161

二维码

手机监控
您当前的位置是:首页 > 安防监控 > 监控设备 > 手机监控
安防监控技术的学科性质及其形成

安防监控技术的学科性质及其形成

所属分类:手机监控

发布时间:2021-11-21 20:08:17

浏览次数:

24小时咨询电话:400-810-8161

 

一直以来,安全防范技术涉及的学科领域多、范围广,以前一直是将光电、电子、计算机等学科技术和设备拿来构成安防系统,因此它是光电等学科技术的一门应用技术。尤其是光电信息技术学科,如安全防范系统的前端的图像传感器和防盗、防火探测器主要是光电成像器件和光电探测器件,其终端和不可见光源等又是其电光转换器件与发光器件,还有传输图像信息的光纤、红外光传输、夜视及光电图像的处理、识别与跟踪系统等。所以,安防技术实质上是光电信息技术在安全技术防范系统中的一门应用科学技术。当然,安防系统的控制部分,要用到计算机技术,电路部分要用到电子技术,设备的装配、定位与机壳的设计制作又牵涉到机械技术等。因此,安防技术可以说是一个集光电、电子、计算机、通信、机械等为一体的多学科的边缘和多学科交叉的综合性应用的高新技术。

目前,传统的学科界限和专业界限将越来越淡化,各种高新技术的交叉渗透和融合,将是一门新技术(如安防监控技术)未来发展的总趋势。因此,安防监控系统的设计者,要密切注意各领域科学技术的发展,要不断采用先进而成熟的技术,不断充实智能化功能,以完善系统的设计。值得指出的是,在综合应用各种新技术的同时,必须要注意探测、响应、延迟三个基本要素的协调及技防、物防、人防三种基本手段的配合,这样才能真正有效地实现安全防范的目的。

随着光电信息技术、微电子、微型计算机及数字视频技术的发展,安防监控技术已由传统的模拟式而走向高度集成的小型化、数字化、网络化,并正向着集成化、高清化、智能化的方展。目前,安防监控技术已从前台管理走向后台处理。在许多数字视频设备中,将具有图像特征提取、处理与识别的功能,如通过图像分析实现运动探测和报警、人与车辆等的异常行为的探测与报警等,使安防技术具备智能化特点。目前,安防技术已从应用各学科技术的经典模式向以图像处理、识别与跟踪为核心的安防技术本身特点所需的现代智能化模式转变。安全防范技术学科已由光电等其他学科的应用技术,发展成为一专门的学科技术。尤其是美国9·11及英国爆炸案等事件的发生,更加促使安全防范技术学科的诞生和发展。

image.png

For a long time, security technology involves many subject fields and a wide range. In the past, it has always used optoelectronics, electronics, computers and other subject technologies and equipment to form a security system. Therefore, it is an application technology of Optoelectronics and other subject technologies. In particular, photoelectric information technology disciplines, such as image sensors and anti-theft and fire detectors at the front end of the security system, mainly photoelectric imaging devices and photoelectric detection devices, and their terminals and invisible light sources are their electro-optic converters and light-emitting devices, as well as optical fiber, infrared light transmission, night vision and photoelectric image processing Identification and tracking system, etc. Therefore, security technology is essentially an applied science and technology of photoelectric information technology in security technology prevention system. Of course, computer technology is used in the control part of the security system, electronic technology is used in the circuit part, and mechanical technology is involved in the assembly and positioning of equipment and the design and manufacture of casing. Therefore, security technology can be said to be a multi-disciplinary edge and multi-disciplinary comprehensive application high-tech integrating optoelectronics, electronics, computers, communications and machinery.
At present, the traditional disciplinary and professional boundaries will be more and more weakened. The cross penetration and integration of various high and new technologies will be the general trend of the future development of a new technology (such as security monitoring technology). Therefore, the designer of security monitoring system should pay close attention to the development of science and technology in various fields, constantly adopt advanced and mature technology and constantly enrich intelligent functions to improve the design of the system. It is worth pointing out that while comprehensively applying various new technologies, we must pay attention to the coordination of the three basic elements of detection, response and delay and the cooperation of the three basic means of technical defense, material defense and civil defense, so as to truly and effectively achieve the purpose of security.
With the development of photoelectric information technology, microelectronics, microcomputer and digital video technology, security monitoring technology has changed from traditional analog to highly integrated miniaturization, digitization and networking, and is developing towards integration, high definition and intelligence. At present, security monitoring technology has moved from foreground management to background processing. In many digital video equipment, it will have the functions of image feature extraction, processing and recognition, such as motion detection and alarm, abnormal behavior detection and alarm of people and vehicles through image analysis, so as to make the security technology intelligent. At present, the security technology has changed from the classical mode of applying the technology of various disciplines to the modern intelligent mode required by the characteristics of the security technology with image processing, recognition and tracking as the core. The discipline of security technology has developed from the application technology of Optoelectronics and other disciplines to a special discipline technology. In particular, the 9 / 11 bombings in the United States and the British bombings have further promoted the birth and development of security technology.

本文地址:https://www.leantong.com/cctv/device/phone/334.html
Tag标签
 
相关产品
 
行业新闻
 

安防监控工程安装 弱电工程施工公司 门禁考勤道闸系统

公司秉持“专业、高质、高效、共赢”的
服务理念为您提供优质的弱电安防综合服务。

安防监控工程安装-弱电工程施工公司-门禁考勤道闸系统

联系方式

北京海淀西三旗建材城中路6号2

孟工

400-810-8161

ml@yueantong.com

在线咨询