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安防监控系统-安全防范技术学科的诞生和组成

安防监控系统-安全防范技术学科的诞生和组成

所属分类:手机监控

发布时间:2021-11-21 20:23:32

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突出安防技术的特点,就是要深层次理解安全的需求,探索安全领域潜在的需求。加强应用基础研究,加强前沿学科的研究和探索,实现技术导向,促进安防技术的发展。安防技术是在其他学科的基础上,在通用的技术环境下(技术、平台、芯片等)发展起来,逐渐形成了自己的产品、系统,形成了自己的特点和专门的技术方向。在这些方向上开展的基础研究、应用基础研究,将会产生安防所特有的技术、平台、芯片等。这时人们会说,安防技术是一门独立的学科,而这门学科最主要的特点是处于其他学科的边缘同时是多学科的交叉。

随着光电信息技术、微电子、微型计算机及数字视频技术的发展,安防技术已由传统的模拟式而走向高度集成的小型化、数字化、网络化,并正向着高清化、智能化方向发展。并且已开始从前台管理向后台处理等方面发展。不久,在许多数字视频设备中将具有图像识别和特征提取的功能,如通过图像分析实现运动探测和报警、人与车辆等的异常行为的探测与报警等,使安防技术具备智能化。目前,安防技术已从应用各学科技术的经典模式向以图像处理、识别与跟踪为核心的安防技术本身特点所需的现代智能化模式转变。安全防范技术学科已由光电等其他学科的应用技术,发展成为一门独立的学科技术。

目前安防技术系统是集视频监控、入侵探测与防盗防火报警、出/入口目标识别与控制、楼宇对讲与访客查询、保安巡更与治安管理、电子警察与智能交通、实体防护与安检、汽车场管理及系统综合的网络化、智能化的监控与管理的安防技术体系。因此,安防技术学科实际上主要由视频监控技术、入侵探测与防盗防火报警技术、出/入口目标识别与控制技术三大部分组成。至于综合系统后面的几项,均可分别纳入这三大部分之中。例如,楼宇对讲与访客查询、电子警察与智能交通可纳入视频监控技术;保安巡更与治安管理可纳入入侵探测与防盗防火报警技术;实体防护与安检、汽车场管理可纳入出/入口目标识别与控制技术之中等。

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Highlighting the characteristics of security technology is to deeply understand the needs of security and explore the potential needs in the field of security. Strengthen applied basic research, strengthen the research and exploration of cutting-edge disciplines, realize technology orientation and promote the development of security technology. Security technology has developed on the basis of other disciplines and under the general technical environment (technology, platform, chip, etc.), gradually formed its own products and systems, and formed its own characteristics and special technical direction. The basic research and application basic research carried out in these directions will produce the unique technologies, platforms and chips of security. At this time, people will say that security technology is an independent discipline, and the main feature of this discipline is that it is at the edge of other disciplines and the intersection of multiple disciplines.
With the development of photoelectric information technology, microelectronics, microcomputer and digital video technology, security technology has changed from traditional analog to highly integrated miniaturization, digitization and networking, and is developing towards high-definition and intelligence. And has begun to develop from foreground management to background processing. Soon, many digital video devices will have the functions of image recognition and feature extraction, such as motion detection and alarm through image analysis, detection and alarm of abnormal behavior of people and vehicles, so as to make the security technology intelligent. At present, the security technology has changed from the classical mode of applying the technology of various disciplines to the modern intelligent mode required by the characteristics of the security technology with image processing, recognition and tracking as the core. The subject of security technology has developed from the application technology of Optoelectronics and other disciplines to an independent subject technology.
At present, the security technology system is a network-based and intelligent monitoring and management technology system integrating video monitoring, intrusion detection and anti-theft and fire alarm, entrance / exit target identification and control, building intercom and visitor query, security patrol and public security management, electronic police and intelligent transportation, physical protection and security inspection, garage management and system integration. Therefore, the security technology discipline is actually mainly composed of three parts: video monitoring technology, intrusion detection and anti-theft and fire alarm technology, entrance / exit target recognition and control technology. As for the latter items of the integrated system, they can be included in these three parts respectively. For example, building intercom and visitor query, e-police and intelligent transportation can be incorporated into video monitoring technology; Security patrol and security management can be incorporated into intrusion detection and anti-theft and fire alarm technology; Physical protection, security inspection and garage management can be incorporated into the medium level of entry / exit target identification and control technology.

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